The Coming Week’s Top Market Movers, Lessons: Did We Just See 2014’s Biggest Story?
How bullish and bearish forces align for stock indexes, forex and other global markets, both technical and fundamental outlooks, likely top market movers
–Technical Outlook: Strong support is tested and holds, as does upward momentum.
–Fundamental Outlook: Why stocks continue drifting higher, falling US rates are arguably the biggest lesson of 2014?
–Likely Market Movers This Week: Technical elements, calendar and other fundamentals.
–Concluding Thoughts: Ukraine, and what US data needs to show us.
Lessons For The Coming Week
Why Most Major Stock Markets Closed Higher
Except for the UK’s FSTE 100, all of the leading global indexes in our sample closed the week modestly higher due to a combination of technical factors, anticipated stimulus, and economic data that was mixed but good enough to allow the upward momentum (where it existed, the US, Europe, and Taiwan) to continue.
- Pre-Existing Upward Momentum: Most of the above indexes shown above remain in uptrends and were in their double Bollinger® band buy zone, suggesting continued uptrends.
- Strong Support Held Wednesday: Specifically, those strong support levels that got tested on Wednesday. After dipping early in the week, stock indexes bounced off of support (for example, the 50 day EMA at 1865 for the S&P 500).
Fundamentals: Data and earnings that weren’t bad enough to interfere with the inertia of the prevailing uptrend on the weekly index charts. In particular:
- On Wednesday, relief that FOMC minutes showed no end in sight to current US benchmark interest rates
- On Thursday a 5-month high for the HSBC flash manufacturing index was enough of an excuse to keep the bounce going Thursday despite some weaker than expected US existing home sales and weekly new jobless claims data and tepid European PMI reports. Again, if we strip out Germany, European data continues to look weak.
- On Friday a weak German Ifo reading sparked a “bad-news-is-good-news” reaction because it was seen as a decisive final sign that the ECB would announce new easing at its June 5th meeting. A better than expected new homes sales reading helped keep the day’s uptrend moving in the US session.
We look at the technical picture first for a number of reasons, including:
Chart Don’t Lie: Dramatic headlines and dominant news themes don’t necessarily move markets. Price action is critical for understanding what events and developments are and are not actually driving markets. There’s nothing like flat or trendless price action to tell you to discount seemingly dramatic headlines – or to get you thinking about why a given risk is not being priced in
Support, resistance, and momentum indicators also move markets, especially in the absence of surprises from top tier news and economic reports.
Overall Risk Appetite Medium Term Per Weekly Charts Of Leading Global Stock Indexes
Weekly Charts Of Large Cap Global Indexes With 10 Week/200 Day EMA In Red February 3 2013 to Present: LEFT COLUMN TOP TO BOTTOM: S&P 500, DJ 30, FTSE 100, MIDDLE: CAC 40, DJ EUR 50, DAX 30, RIGHT: HANG SENG, MSCI TAIWAN, NIKKEI 225
Key For S&P 500, DJ EUR 50, Nikkei 225 Weekly Chart: 10 Week EMA Dark Blue, 20 WEEK EMA Yellow, 50 WEEK EMA Red, 100 WEEK EMA Light Blue, 200 WEEK EMA Violet, DOUBLE BOLLINGER BANDS: Normal 2 Standard Deviations Green, 1 Standard Deviation Orange.
Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp, www.fxempire.com, www.thesensibleguidetoforex.com
04 May. 25 01.49
The uptrend in European and US indexes, which looked threatened last week, lives to see another week:
- At the close of last week, US and European indexes looked like they were about to surrender their upward momentum, with both the S&P 500, DJ Eurostoxx 50 and other indexes at the lower edge of their double Bollinger® band buy zones.
- However, if we look at the daily charts we see that on Wednesday indexes on both sides of the Atlantic hit strong support which held, aided by some decent earnings reports in Europe that helped the European bounce, and FOMC minutes that showed no sign of tightening, which helped the US keep the upward move alive.
Our sample of Asian indexes were also all higher on the week, though they continue to present a mixture of up, down, and sideways trends that defy generalizations about the region.
Last week I noted that the week’s scheduled economic calendar events were unlikely to provide much in the way of new, lessons or market moving events. That proved true. The biggest lesson was from non-calendar events.
Rising Expectations For Long Term Low Rates: Explanation, Ramifications, How To Profit
The biggest lesson of the week, arguably of the year thus far, is the shift in US interest rate expectations. This is huge, because it affects almost all major global markets and asset classes.
First, look what’s been happening to yields on the benchmark 10 year US Treasury Notes.
Yield On 10 Year US Treasury Note From January 1 2014 To Present
(Source: Yahoo finance)
03 May. 26 10.08
Despite the presumed recovery that is supposed to bring higher rates, they’ve been falling, especially recently. Why, and why the recent sudden dive?
Here are the most likely reasons, each of which we cover in detail in our special report here (highly recommended):
- Leaks From Bernanke “Private” Dinners: Low Rates For Much Longer Than Expected
- FOMC’s Incoming New Governors: Strengthening Yellen’s Dovish Hand
- An Unwinding of Short Positions That Forces Bond Prices Up And Yields Down
One big obvious lesson we’d mention here is that with the ECB and BoJ still in easing mode, and now the Fed looking like its holding rates down far beyond the previously expected mid-2015 deadline, central bank policy remains very supportive for risk assets.
Risk asset markets have been rising for years despite tepid growth, on nothing more than low rates and the absence of new contagion threats. As the above charts suggest, despite indexes being at or near highs, there’s nothing suggesting a reversal any time soon.
Recovery And Higher Interest Rates Don’t Necessarily Occur Together
Falling US yields along with improving US economic data remind us that contrary to popular belief, interest rates can stay low even in times of expansion. Note how the chart below shows that this isn’t the first recovery that is not accompanied by rising rates.
(Via Business Insider)
04 May. 22 17.29
US Continues To Look Better Than Rest of World
Looking at both recent economic data, as well as longer term structural challenges, the US continues to look better than the rest of the major economies.
Signs of modestly higher inflation plus a robust jobs market in the U.S continue to contrast with weak growth and employment, and inflation data in the EU.
- For Europe, its economic recovery and reforms needed to prevent another EU crisis are both far from complete. It couldn’t come up with a credible banking union (see here and here for details).
- Coming EU parliamentary elections are expected to strengthen parties backing less integration when policy makers agree that to survive the EU needs more unified governance, not less. Yet the popular support in member states for ceding so much sovereignty as control over budgets and banks, is weakening.
- Europe also now has rising geopolitical risks not only from economy-related unrest, but now from new Russian moves to rebuild lost hegemony over its neighbors.
While China is still growing much faster, it’s slowing, and may not be able to avoid a hard landing. China’s structural challenges include:
- Longer term it’s clearly still struggling with multiple economic transitions, including:
- Deriving less of its GDP from exports and more from domestic consumption
- Cutting its own excessive levels of private and public debt, and the asset bubbles that fueled them
Japan? It grew well in Q1 but Abenomics remains very much an experiment in progress, as Japan attempts to somehow keep its borrowing costs down, its trade balance up, while at the same time devaluing the Yen and keeping its debt/GDP at 200%-plus levels, the highest by far in the developed world.
A cnbc.com article this past week highlighted other reasons for growing US economic advantage. The biggest ones have been:
The weakening US dollar
It notes is down by a third in both real and nominal terms, as reflected by the growing movement of manufacturing back to the US by both US and foreign firms. Although this weakening of the USD has had severe negative implications for USD based investors over the past decades, as we discussed in depth here, it has made US assets and exports more appealing. Feeding into this resurgence of US manufacturing is…
The US Energy Boom
The rebirth of US energy production, as oil and gas fields that were once not worth tapping are now profitable thanks to a combination of higher energy prices and the new technology of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.
America’s Biggest Growth Story: It’s added up to 50 basis points of growth since 2008, and could potentially to add a further 20 bps through 2020 through lower energy prices, capital investment and jobs. How? By a combination of:
- Lower energy prices cutting costs across the US economy.
- Lower energy prices literally fueling the expansion of:
o Energy intensive manufacturing: The steel, iron, fabricated metals, and machinery manufacturing saw have had real sales grow 17 percent and employment jump by 9.7 percent through 2011 and 2012.
o Petrochemical refineries seeking cheap feedstock
o Energy infrastructure building of facilities to extract, transport, and store the gas and oil, all of which further feed the demand for the above mentioned steel, fabricated metals and heavy machinery used to make and install extraction facilities, pipelines, storage tanks, rail lines and cars, as well as for building materials and other related products and services. For example, the US has six new liquefied natural gas export terminals in the works.
01 May. 22 14.10
Coal’s The Big Loser
The EPA’s regulations to cut carbon dioxide(CO2) emissions discourage U.S. coal production, natural gas’ main rival for electric power generation. Combined with overall declining energy consumption in the U.S., coal production has declined 16% since 2008. Gas has overtaken coal as the biggest source of US electric output. That trend will grow. Next month the Obama administration will issue a new set of emissions rules that are likely to put most coal-fired power plants out of business. Of course there is overseas demand for coal, but the loss of US demand, in addition to the added export costs, hurt the coal industry.
So Is California: A Cautionary Tale
As if to remind us that shale oil estimates in the US (and everywhere else) are subject to a number of qualifications.
They can be revised: Big time. This past week estimates of recoverable oil from California’s Monterey formation have been cut by a whopping 96% due to newly recognized difficulties (and thus expenses) extracting the oil. The news represents a loss of as many as 2.8 million jobs and $24.6 bln in tax revenues. Ouch. As always, that estimate is based on current energy prices. Rising energy prices have made fracking worthwhile in the first place, and they may yet rise high enough to make more of California’s oil worth the cost of extraction.
Likely Market Movers For The Coming Week
In the absence of major news surprises, key support levels and momentum should again influence where short term moves begin and end, just as they did last week as we described above.
Top Calendar Events To Watch
The top scheduled events this week are likely to be the election results for the EU parliament and Ukraine, US durable goods and preliminary GDP. Bank holidays could limit volatility if news is quiet, or exaggerate it if there are material surprises on those days. Top events are in boldface.
Sunday: EU parliamentary elections, ECB President Draghi speaks
No major economic calendar events AND both US and UK have bank holidays.
However Monday could prove volatile if markets are able to get a clear picture of the results from the Ukraine and European Parliament election results
EU: ECB President Draghi speaks
US: Durable goods, S&P/CS composite-20 HPI, CB consumer confidence
EU: French consumer spending, German unemployment change, EU M3 money supply y/y, EU private loans y/y, Spain HPI q/q
EU: French, German bank holidays, Italian 10 year bond auction
US: Preliminary Q1 GDP, weekly new jobless claims, pending home sales m/m
EU: German retail sales m/m
US: Personal spending m/m, Chicago PMI
US Data In Coming Months To Settle The “Weather” Debate
US Q1 preliminary GDP, due out Thursday May 29, is expected to be around -0.5%, due mostly to bad weather. Over the coming months we’ll need to see material improvement. Otherwise, the perception of America’s slow but steady recovery could be replaced by one of “secular stagnation” that was suggested by Lawrence Summers at the November 2013 IMF research conference. As Goldman Sachs’ economist Jan Hatzius wrote in a recent note to clients:
If the US economy cannot accelerate to a clearly above-trend pace even after the end of the private and public sector retrenchment at a time when monetary policy and financial conditions still look very supportive, then it is certainly appropriate to ask whether the forces holding the economy back are deeper and more structural in nature.
Unlikely Market Movers
Although fighting in Ukraine has intensified, we’ve no indications that anyone is serious about imposing economic sanctions on Russia. For example, the next sanctions up for consideration in the EU involve banning sales of Russian vodka, furs, diamonds, and caviar.
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